So today, Londinium, or, as we know it, London.
London was a brackish marsh through which the Thames meandered with little going on before 50 A.D. But around this time, legions of Roman soldiers were making their way northward after their successful invasion of 43 A.D., wondering what they would find (and hoping for a decent pub in which to warm their tunicas). The river, with its access to the sea, seemed like a good spot to set up camp and build a settlement. They built the first of many bridges situated in about the same spot (that would some day become London Bridge) and a town slowly grew, known as Londinium (no one knows what the name means, by the way. It has roots in pre-Roman times, possibly pre-Celtic as well). Around 60 A.D., the tribal warrior Queen Boudicca (which we'll see in the next post of One Minute History) swanned in and slaughtered its Roman inhabitants. After that fatal attack, it was slowly repopulated and rebuilt and soon became a major financial and administrative center of Roman Britain, with a defensive wall built around it and numerous villas. And likely a tavern or two. It was only the beginning for London.
Next time: Boudicca